This NATO Defense College Forum Paper is the penultimate in a series of workshops and publications regarding better integration of civilian and military efforts in response to contemporary security challenges.
Whether the preferred term is “interagency” (most common in American parlance), “whole-of-government” (frequently used by the British), or “comprehensive approach” (a term of art typically used within NATO, the UN and EU), it is widely recognized that effective integration of military and civilian capabilities is necessary for NATO to succeed in contemporary missions such as that of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, the Kosovo Force (KFOR), and NATO Headquarters-Sarajevo in Bosnia-Herzegovina; and will likely be required in the aftermath of the No Fly Zone operations in Libya. However, NATO and its member states have generally done poorly in their attempts at putting the concept into practice. One of the reasons for this difficulty is the lack of common concepts and approaches towards the development of strategy by the civilian and military elements that must be involved in a comprehensive approach.
- Integrating Civilian and Military Approaches to Strategy
- The Persistent Problem of Civil Military Integration in War, The Illusions and Delusions of Smart Power
- NATO’s New Strategic Concept: An Integration of Civil and Military Approaches, Strategy, Segmentation and Incrementalism – A Corporate Approach
- All for One and One for All? – Forging Development, Diplomatic and Defense Partnerships under NATO’s New Strategic Concept
- Interagency Challenges in Strategic Assessments
- Joint Strategic Planning in Iraq: Optimism is not a Plan – Needed Changes for a Long War