As used by the World Justice Project, the rule of law refers to a rules-based system in which the following four universal principles are upheld:
- The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law.
- The laws are clear, publicized, stable, and fair, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property.
- The process by which the laws are enacted, administered, and enforced is accessible, fair, and efficient.
- Access to justice is provided by competent, independent, and ethical adjudicators, attorneys or representatives, and judicial officers who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.
The Index is based on data reflecting on the following nine dimensions (and 52 sub-dimensions) of the rule of law:
- Limited government powers
- Absence of corruption
- Order and security
- Fundamental rights
- Open government
- Regulatory enforcement
- Access to civil justice
- Effective criminal justice
- Informal justice
You can read the full report HERE.